The Spanish Constitution states that the principles of merit and ability, equality and publicity shall govern the selection process for the civil service. Specifically, it states that "citizens have the right to equal terms of access to public office" and that "the law shall regulate the entry into the civil service in accordance with the principles of merit and ability."
Based on these constitutional provisions relating to access to civil service, the General State Administration has implemented an access system which is detailed below for information purposes:
How to access jobs in the civil service
In order to access civil service positions, Candidates must meet the requirements established in the announcement; submit the application within the specified term; pay the corresponding fee, except where exempt; pass the admission tests and accept the position offered.
Candidates may access civil service through a career service position or as workers on a full-time contract basis, depending on the tasks to be performed.
In some cases, processes for positions as interim civil servant or temporary non-established public employees are announced; in such cases, the duration of the service relationship with the Administration is time-limited and non-permanent. Nevertheless, in general, prior announcements are not made for appointing temporary personnel, since reserve lists of candidates in previous selection processes for permanent positions or other specific processes are used.
In the case of civil servants, access to this status is achieved through access to a specific body or scale, established by Law. Civil service bodies are classified in different qualification groups in accordance with the qualification required:
- Group A:
- Subgroup A1: Candidates must hold a university Degree, Engineering Degree, Architecture Degree, Bachelor's Degree or equivalent. In cases where the Law requires a different university degree, this degree shall be taken into account.
- Subgroup A2: Candidates must hold a university Degree, Technical Engineering Degree, Technical Architecture Degree, University Diploma, Higher Vocational Training Diploma or equivalent.
- Group C:
- Subgroup C1: Candidates must hold the Baccalaureate or Technical Diploma, or an equivalent certificate.
- Subgroup C2: Candidates must hold the Compulsory Secondary Education Diploma, or an equivalent certificate.
Requirements for participation in the selection tests
Requirements for non-established public employees:
In addition to the aforementioned cases, non-nationals who have work and residence permits in Spain.
ACCESS TO PROFESSIONS, TRADES AND ACTIVITIES INVOLVING REGULAR INTERACTION WITH MINORS AND THE EXERCISE THEREOF.
Access to professions, trades and activities involving regular interaction with minors, and for the exercise thereof shall require that candidate have not been convicted by a final judgement of any crime against sexual freedom or integrity, including sexual assault or abuse, sexual harassment, sexual exhibitionism and incitement, prostitution and sexual exploitation and corruption of minors, as well as human trafficking, For such purposes, Candidates who wish to access said professions, trades or activities shall certify such circumstance by means of a certificate issued by the Central Sex Offenders Registry.
- What are the quotas for persons with disabilities and quotas for internal promotion, and how do they work.
- What is the access process for persons with disabilities?
Announcements of the selection tests corresponding to the public employment offers shall include quotas which shall be covered by persons with disabilities, considered as such in section 2 of Article 4 of the consolidated text of the General Law on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and their Inclusion in Society, adopted by Legislative Royal Decree 1/2013 of November 29, provided that they pass the selection processes and certify their disability and compatibility for performing the duties.
Regulations stipulate that seven percent of the positions must be reserved for persons with disabilities, and at least a two percent for persons with intellectual disabilities; the remaining positions shall be covered by persons who certify any other disability. Each Government shall distribute the reserve of positions giving priority to vacancies in Bodies, Scales and job categories whose duties are compatible with the existence of a disability.
Regulations stipulate other mechanisms which facilitate access to public employment for persons with disabilities, such as adjusting the time and/or means for carrying out the tests, changing the order of preference for the selection of positions in certain cases or adapting the position assigned.
- What is the internal promotion process?
Internal promotion is the promotion of a career civil servant of a body or scale of a professional qualification Subgroup to another body or range of a higher Subgroup, or in the case of non-established permanent employees, promotion to a higher professional category. It requires the submission of the application for participating in the process and passing the selection tests.
Non-established permanent employees may also participate by means of internal promotion to access a civil service body or scale of a certain professional Subgroup.
In order to access a civil service body or scale, the requirements established for joining the new body or range must be met, and Candidates must have been working at least two years in the corresponding body or range.
With regard to internal promotions of non-established employees to a higher category, the requirements established in the applicable Collective Agreement shall be met